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                         EDUCATION IN RUSSIA

 Secondaryeducation is mandatory in Russia. Children start school at the

age of 6 andfinish at 17. As a rule, a child attends the school located

in theneighborhood,the one which is the closes to home. However, there

in  big cities there are also so-called«special» schools, offering more

in-depth  studies of the major European  languages ( English, French, or 

German), or theadvanced courses in physics and mathematics, and children

attending one ofthese may have to commute from home. There are no school

buses in Russia.

 The first stage of education is elementaryschool for grades 1 through 4.

The  second is secondary school for grades 5 through 9. Upon graduation

from secondaryschool ( which  is  not the equivalent of having completed

their  secondary education ), students  are  given the choice of either

continuing toattend the same school (high school; grades 10 and 11 ), or

entering avocational school or trade school. Both vocational school  and

trade schools aremeant to  provide  one, long with  the certificate of

secondary  education, with a number of useful skills (e.g., those of an

electrician,technical, or computer operator ).One attends the former for

two years, andthe latter for three or four.

 Haveing completed one's secondary education,one can either become  part

of work force orgo on to college ( " institution of higher learning " ).

There areuniversityes and so-called «institutes» in Russian. The former

stress  a more teoretical, fundamental approach toeducation, while the

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