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Министерство общего и профессиональногообразования РФОренбургский государственный университетИнститут Энергетики и Информатики
Р Е Ф Е Р А ТСравнительный анализ развития компьютеров в США и на Украине.
Выполнил: Гусев В. В.
Группа: 97-ИДМБ
БогомоловаА. И.
Distributed by BRS Corporation/~BRSE-mail: [email protected]Оренбург – 1999 г.
The Comparative Analisis Of The Computer Development In The USA And Ukraine
In the early 1960s when computers were mainly mainframes that they took up entire rooms. Researches at Xerox’s Polo Alto Research Center (Xerox PARC) had realized that the pace of improvement in the technology of semiconductors meant that sooner or later the PC would be extravagant no longer.
Although the work at Xerox PARC was crucial, it was not the spark that took PCs out of the hands of experts and into the popular imagination.
In January 1975, the magazine Popular Electronics put a new kit for hobbyists, called the Altair, on its cover. The Altair inspired Steve Wosniak and Steve Jobs to build the first Apple computer, and a young college Bill Gates wrote software for it
They felt was needed to bring PCs to the masses. The Altair incorporated one of the first single-chip microprocessor called the Intel 8080.
The Soviet Union government and the authorities had paid serious attention to the development of the computer industry right after the Second World War.
Up to the beginning of the 1950s there were only small productive capacities.
The electronic numerical computer engineering was only arising .
The first serious steps in the development of production base were made initially in the late

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