Иностранные языки и языкознание
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The political system of the USA.
The United States of America is the greatest capitalist country in the world. The USA is the President republic. It means that the president is the head of the country. The President is elected for four years, together with the Vice-President, chosen for the same term. He cannot be younger than 35 years old and he must have lived in the USA for at least 14 years, and be a civilian. He must do his job according to the titution. The President cannot serve more than two terms.
The legislative branch of the US Government, or the Congress, represents all of the American states. The Congress was created by Article I of the constitution, adopted in 1787. It consists of two parts: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The Senate made up of 100 members (2 from each state), elected for a term of 6 years. One third of the Senate is elected every 2 years. To be elected a Senator, a person must be a least 30 years old and have been a citizen of the USA for at least 9 years.
The House of Representatives comprises representatives from each state, elected for a two-years term. The number of representatives from each state depends on its population, but every state is represented. To be elected a representative, a person must be at least 25 years of age and have been a citizen of the country for at least 7 years.
In general, Senators are better known than Representatives because they are fewer in number and serve for a longer time. Many American Presidents served in Congress before they became President. Presidents John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, and Richard Nixon were all Representatives and then senators before becoming President of the United States.
The presiding officer of the Senate is the Vice-President of the

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