Иностранные языки и языкознание
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The British Educational System
State Education in Britain.
All state schools in Britain are free, and schools provide their pupils with books and equipment for their studies.
Education is compulsory from 5 to 16 years. Parents can choose to send their children
to a nursery school or a pre-school play group to prepare them for the start of compulsory
education. Children start primary school at 5 and continue until they are 11. At primary
school children become acquainted with Reading, Writing, Arithmetic and develop their
creative abilities, they are taught to sing, dance, play, draw. Primary children do all their work
with the same class teacher, except for physical education and music, which are often taught
by specialists.
Most children are taught together, boys and girls in the same class.
At 11 most pupils go to secondary schools called comprehensives with accept a wide
range of children from all backgrounds and religious and ethnic groups. Ninety per cent of
secondary schools in England, Scotland and Wales are co-educational.
At 16 pupils take a national exam called “GCSE” (General Certificate of Secondary
Education) and then they can leave school if they wish. This is the end of compulsory
Some 16-year olds continue their studies in the 6 th
form at school or at a sixth form college. The 6 th
form prepares pupils for a national exam called “A” level (Advanced Level) at
18. Pupils need “A” levels to enter a university. Other 16-year olds choose a college of further
education to study hairdressing, typing or mecanics.
Universities and colleges of higher education accept students with “A” levels from 18.

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