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/>Corporal Mineyoshi Takahashi 17
Corporal Masato Hisanaga 20
Corporal Toshio Chizaki 19
Corporal Takamasa Senda 19
This squadron was formed on January 30, 1945 as the 113 Educational Flight Corps,
then was transformed to the 23rd Rensei Flight Corps. On March 30, 1945, the same
unit was renamed the 72nd Shinbu Squadron. (Shinbu refers to the squadrons of the
Imperial Army which made the suicide attacks by aircraft.) They were stationed in
Heijo, what is now P'yongyan of North Korea. From March 25, 1944, they were in
Kagamihara, Gifu prefecture for about one month. Before the mission in May, the unit
returned to Kyushu, and stayed in Metabaru, for a few days, and flew over to Bansei
Air Base. Their attack was first planned to be made on May 20, 1945, however it was
postponed to May 27, 1945 due to rainy weather.
Of the twelve pilots, three did not depart for the suicide attack. Corporal Atsunobu
Sasaki was killed by an American P-51 on May 2, 1945 in China. On the same day,
Sergeant Nobuyoshi Nishikawa was injured, and could not take part in the mission.
The aircraft of Kairyu Kanamoto malfunctioned on the day of their mission, and could
not take off. The remaining nine made their mission from Bansei Air Base at 6:00 ,
May 27, 1945.
Appendix Three
The Research Method
The first time I learned of this topic was in August, 1992. It was the time when I went
with my parents to Japan and visited manmuseums and talked to many people whose
age varied from12 to 60 and they have told me many stories about war.
There, a great number of primary sources and photographs were displayed, which
made me even



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