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Реферат на тему: Mount Everest— natural wonder

The ancient
Sanskrit names for the mountain are
Devgiri (
Sanskrit for «Holy Mountain») and
Devadurga (the English pronounced it
deodungha in the 1800s).
[1] . In
Nepali it is known as
Sagarmatha , meaning «Head of the Sky». The
Tibetan name is
Chomolungma or
Qomolangma , meaning «Mother of the Universe»), and the related
Chinese name is
Zhūmùlngm Fēng (
Simplified Chinese : 珠穆朗玛峰;
Traditional Chinese : 珠穆朗瑪峰) or
Shèngm Fēng (
Simplified Chinese : 圣母峰;
Traditional Chinese : 聖母峰).

1865 , the mountain was given its
English name by
Andrew Waugh , the
British surveyor-general of India . With both Nepal and
Tibet closed to foreign travel, he wrote:

I was taught by my respected chief and predecessor, Colonel Sir
George Everest to assign to every geographical object its true local or native appellation. But here is a mountain, most probably the highest in the world, without any local name that we can discover, whose native appellation, if it has any, will not very likely be ascertained before we are allowed to penetrate into Nepal. In the meantime the privilege as well as the duty devolves on me to assign…a name whereby it may be known among citizens and geographers and become a household word among civilized nations.

Waugh chose to name the mountain after
George Everest

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