Категория
Психология
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реферат
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49 стр.
Дата
15.04.2008
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.doc — Microsoft Word
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62957.zip — 39.73 kb
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Текст работы

SPECIAL FIELDS OF PSYCHOLOGYContents1. Introduction2. Physiological psychology3. Psychoanalysis4. Behaviourism5. Gestalt psychology6 .Cognition7. Tests and Measurements
8. Development psychology9. Social psychology10. Psychiatry and mental health11. Forensic psychology and criminology12. Psychology, religion and phenomenology13. Parapsychology14. Industrial Psychology
Vocabulary
Literature1. IntroductionPsychology, scientific study of behavior and experience—that is, the study of how human beings and animals sense, think, learn, and know. Modern psychology is devoted to collecting facts about behavior and experience and systematically organizing such facts into psychological theories. These theories aid in understanding and explaining people’s behavior and sometimes in predicting and influencing their future behavior.
Psychology, historically, has been divided into many subfields of study; these fields, however, are interrelated and frequently overlap. Physiological psychologists, for instance, study the functioning of the brain and the nervous system, and experimental psychologists devise tests and conduct research to discover how people learn and remember. Subfields of psychology may also be described in terms of areas of application. Social psychologists, for example, are interested in the ways in which people influence one another and the way they act in groups. Industrial psychologists study the behavior of people at work and the effects of the work environment. School psychologists help students make educational and career decisions. Clinical psychologists assist those who have problems in daily life or who are mentally ill.
History. The science of psychology developed from many diverse sources, but its origins as a science may be traced to ancient




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