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harles I became the English King in the twenty fifth year of his age. Unlike his father, he was usually amiable in his private character, and grave and dignified in his bearing but, like his father, he had monstrously exaggerated notions of his rights of a king and was not to be trusted. If his word could have been relied upon, his history would have had a different end. His first care was to send for Henrietta Maria and bring her from

Paris to be his Queen. The English people were very well disposed to like new Queen, and to receive her with great favour when she came among them as a stranger. But she greatly disliked the Protestant religion and brought with her a crowd of unpleasant priests, who made her do some very ridiculous things. And that was the reason that the people soon disliked her, and she soon began dislike them, and she did so much insetting the

King against his subject that it would have been better for him if she had never been born. Charles I began his reign by continuing the war policy which had made him popular in his father s lifetime but the war brought neither honour nor profit to England and Parliament was indisposed to support it. By granting tunnage and poundage for one year only parliament was able to put an effectual stop to the war. Charles called too upon the seaports to furnish and to

pay all the costs for three months of a fleet of armed ships and he required the people to unite in lending him large sums of money and it was very doubtful that he would repay them. But if the poor people refused they were pressed as soldiers or soldiers if more or less rich people refused the were sent to prison. Then the question came to be solemnly decided whether this was not a violation of Magna Charta and an encroachment by the

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