6 стр.
Формат файла
.doc — Microsoft Word
24302.zip — 8.79 kb
  • the-history-of-england-can-be-defined-as-the-gradual-process-of-parliament-asserting-its-a_24302_1.doc — 43.5 Kb
  • Readme_docus.me.txt — 125 Bytes
Оцените работу
Хорошо  или  Плохо

Текст работы

For: ESLG 3150 courseTopic: The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy.
Term: Spring I, 2000
The political history of British Isles over the past 800 years has been largely one of reducing the power of the monarchy and transferring authority to a London-based Parliament as the sovereign legislative body for all of Britain. This development has resulted in political, social and religious conflicts, as well as evolving governmental and constitutional institutions.
The early political history of the British Isles is the story of four independent countries (England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland), but a dominant English political and military expansionism over the centuries resulted in a united country (United Kingdom).
The last England’s invader Duke William promptly set out to establish firm control over his English kingdom. He reorganized the government by making the old Saxon witan into a “Great Council”, which included the great lords of the realm and met regularly under William’s direction, and by establishing Curia Regis, a permanent council of royal advisers.
William’s youngest son Henry I ruled the country for 35 years and during his reign he won the support of barons by singing a “Charter of Liberties”, which listed and guarantees their rights (individual liberties).
Early English monarchs had considerable power, but generally accepted advice and some limitations on their authority. Powerful French-Norman barons opposed King John’s dictatorial rule by forcing him to sign Magna Carta in 1215. This document protected the feudal aristocracy rather then the ordinary citizen, but it came to be regarded as a cornerstone of British liberties. It restricted the monarch’s

Ваше мнение