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Рефератна тему:
“The history of Australia”Работу выполнила
студентка Института Молодежи
группы МО- 102Москва
1999 г.
ContentsGeneral information about Australia……………………………………3
National anthem, flag and the coat-of-arms…………………………3Terra Incognita (Unknown land)………………………………………..4First European settlement……………………………………………….4Creation of the Commonwealth of Australia……………………………5New crown colonies…………………………………………………….5Australia’s ties with Great Britain and the USA..………………………6Literature………………………………………………………………..8General Information about Australia
Australia is situated in the south-west of the Pacific Ocean. The area of this country is 7,7 million square kilometres. The population of the country is about 20 million people. The capital is Canberra. The population of Canberra is about 300 thousand people. Official language is English. Australia is the largest island in the world and it is the smallest continent.
The Commonwealth of Australia is a self-governing federal state. It has got 6 states: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and 2 internal territories.
National Anthem, Flag and the Coat-of-Arms
Australian national flag consists of 5 white stars of the Southern Cross and the white Commonwealth star (the large seven pointed star) on a blue background with a Union Jack in canton. The Southern Cross is the southern Crux, whose four chief stars are in the form of cross.
The flag of Australia is the only one to fly over a whole continent. The small Union Jack represents the historical link with Britain, and the large seven-pointed star represents the six states and the Territories, and the small stars form the Southern Cross – a prominent feature of the southern hemisphere night



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