Категория
История
Тип
реферат
Страницы
12 стр.
Дата
17.12.2009
Формат файла
.doc — Microsoft Word
Архив
21646.zip — 11.7 kb
  • how-significant-was-alexander-dubcek-in-the-development-of-reformist-communism_21646_1.DOC — 31 Kb
  • Readme_docus.me.txt — 125 Bytes
Рейтинг
10  из 10
Оценок
1
Оцените работу
Хорошо  или  Плохо


Текст работы

THE UNIVERSITY OF HULLDEPARTMENT OF POLITICSThe Politics of Eastern EuropeHOW SIGNIFICANT WAS ALEXANDER DUBCEK
IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF REFORMIST COMMUNISM?By:
Jonas DaniliauskasTutor:
T.P. McNeillMarch 17, 1995The Introduction.
The aim of this essay is to answer the question: “How significant was Alexander Dubcek in the development of reformist communism?” This question raises the other questions. Was Dubcek the inspirer of all the reforms which took place in Czechoslovakia in 1967-1969? How much did he himself influence all the reformist processes? How much he had achieved in implementing his ideas?
Dubcek became famous only in 1967. Before that he was almost unknown in the international politics. He was known only in the Czechoslovak Communist Party (CPCS), where he had almost no influence on the major decisions (until 1967, of course). His promotion after the returning from the Moscow where he was studying for three years in the advanced Party school attached to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), was quite rapid. In 1960 he was elected to the Secretariat of the CPCS; in 1962 to the Presidium of the CPCS; in 1963 he became the First Secretary of the Slovak Communist Party; finally, on January 5, 1968 he replaced Antonin Novotny as the First Secretary of the CPCS. He was the youngest leader of ruling Communist Party (after Fidel Castro), and the first Slovak in such a high position. Though he stayed in this post relatively short - until April 17, 1969, when he was replaced by Gustav Husak, his name became known world-wide.
Why did the reforms begin?
The Czechoslovak crisis deepened in 1967, and showed itself in four spheres:1
1. Slovakia;
2. The economy;
3. The legal system;



Ваше мнение



CAPTCHA