Иностранные языки и языкознание
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Used to Be, the Internet Was a Safe Place to Play Den DenUsed to Be, the Internet Was a Safe Place to Play
By John Schwartz
WASHINGTON — Why are newspapers full of reports of hackers defacing government web sites and nasty viruses wreaking havoc on computers worldwide?
In no small part it is a cultural problem that goes back to the '60s
origins of personal computing and the Internet. Many Internet pioneers were bearded longhairs, academics and engineers whose techno-hippie ethos suffused their new world. They knew one another, were part of
a community Trust was the rule. The early Internet was much more about openness and communication than walls and locks. The faults it was supposed to correct were in the machines, not in us: corrupted packets, not corrupted morals."Once upon a time, there was the time of innocence," says Clifford Stoll, whose work tracking down European hackers became a popular book, "The Cuckoo's Egg." "Once upon a time, computers were not used except in academia, where there really is nothing that's mission-critical.
Once upon a time, computers were mainly play toys for the techno-weirds — techie play toys."
In that environment, hacking was part of the fun of what Stoll has called the early Internet "sandbox.""In that environment, there seems to be a cachet of 'Hey! I wrote a virus! Hee-ho!' In that environment, it seems funny to break into somebody else's computer. ... It seems somewhat innocent to read somebody else's e-mail."
It started with hacking telephone systems. The founders of Apple Computer — Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak —
got their start in business peddling "blue boxes," devices that allowed users to hack the telephone network and make

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