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07.03.2013
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Eugene
Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of
the time


In the early
twentieth-century in Czarist Russia, as well as on its national border regions,
including in Belarus (the so-called North-West province), there was a series of
democratic processes. There was a massive struggle for social emancipation,
which resulted in the Revolution 1905 - 1907 period, resulting from the tsarist
monarchy was forced to transform itself into a constitutional (launched Duma).
On the outskirts of the national struggle for social emancipation and
reinforced by a battle for national interests. Tsarist government to make
certain concessions. So, December 25, 1904 was repealed a ban on the Belarusian
word in print, which operated since 1867. They began to legally leave their
native language Belarusian books, newspapers and magazines. Intensified
theatrical musical life. Unequivocal national coloring acquired paintings. In
general, this was the period of the Belarusian national revival. On the
cultural-historical arena there are such giants as Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas
in the literature, Ihnat Bujnicki in the theatrical sphere, Euthymios Kars in
philology and bibliography, Eugene Hlebtsevich in Librarianship. In 1902, he
formed the first Belarusian National Party AAH (Belarusian Socialist Gromada) -
Leading party of students, officials and writers. In 1903, delegates of the
Congress I took AAH program aimed at achieving autonomy of Belarus. In 1906 at the II Congress of the AAH thesis autonomy was deepened and assigned,
supplemented by the idea of convening the Diet. The most important centers of
the Belarusian national revival were then Vilna, Minsk, Grodno and Petersburg, which uchilos many young people from Belarus, especially in the Grodno region.



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