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География
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реферат
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25 стр.
Дата
14.08.2009
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.doc — Microsoft Word
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10790.zip — 212.56 kb
  • short-overview-of-african-countries_10790_1.doc — 369 Kb
  • Readme_docus.me.txt — 125 Bytes
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Текст работы

PLAN1. Introduction2. Africa in postcolonial period3. African economy today4. Economic organizations in Africa5. Problems and ways to solve them6. Conclusion1. Introduction
It isn’t a secret that Republic of Armenia as well as other former socialist republics is at
the end of the list of countries in terms of economy, but almost everyone speaking about our country mentions that there are a number of countries having more troubles with economy then our. Listening to this kind of words makes listener think about Africa, Sahara the countries situated there. Algeria (which situated in north Africa), Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Djibouti, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, Rwanda, Zaire (Democratic republic of Congo), Zambia, Zimbabwe and a lot of others are countries traditionally considered to be the poorest part of the world. This is the common image of Africa. in the following report I would try to introduce a little bit detailed picture of this object.
I think it will be better to begin with short historical overview of the region, which is the home of one of the human races. The historians have defined four periods of African history research.
1. This period is 2000 B.C. up to 6-th century A.D. During that time Egyptians were researching the north of the mainland. In 6th century B.C. Carthaginians travelled along the west coast. Roman travellers went far into Libyan desert.
2. 7-14 centuries A.D. This is a period of Arabian invasions. After conquering the north they moved to the south and reached Senegal and Niger rivers.
3. The third period of research is associated with the Europeans desire to find a sea way to the wealth of India. By the end of sixteenth century the continent has been outlined on maps.
4. This period of African



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